What Makes a Washing Machine

A Front Loading Washing Machine consists of:

Cabinet - everything mounts on or in it

Feet - adjustable feet allow cabinet to be firm and level on floor

Outer Container - contains the water

Drum - holds clothes and rotates

Door- allows access to the drum which can be closed water tight

Door Interlock - A system to ensure that the machine cannot work with the door open, can be mechanical, electrical and pneumatic

Door Gasket - seals access hole between cabinet and outer container

Suspension System - allows dynamic movement of outer container

Weight(s) - stabilises outer container when full of water and clothes

Timer/program Switch
- controls operations using a synchronous motor indexing according to periferal signals (pressure switch and thermostat(s) and controls the motor speed and direction of rotation Selection switches Allow alternative modes of operation in addition to main programs

Soap Dispenser - allows inlet valves to flush soap/conditioner at the correct times

Inlet Hoses - carry water into machine

Water Inlet valve(s) - electically operated solenoid valves allow water inlet

Pressure Switch - connected to a pressure chamber on the bottom of the outer container via an air pipe this pneumatic device controls the fill level

Heater - a solid element mounted in the lower section of the outer container, heats the water

Thermostat - controls the temperature of the water

Motor - Supplies the motive power for the drum movement

Module - controls the speed of the motor according to timer switching

Belt - transfers the action of the motor to the drum via the drum pulley and shaft

Drum Pulley - connects to drum shaft outside the outer container

Drum Shaft - connects drum pulley to drum through bearings and seal

Drum Bearings and Seal - allow smooth quiet rotation of drum and power transmission to drum without leakage from outer container

Pump - electrically operated unit with rotary impellor to discharge the water outlet hose  which carries the water from pump to drain

Filter (if fitted) allows user to remove lint and foreign objects that have escaped from the drum and lodged in the outer container - controls operations using a synchronous motor indexing according to periferal signals (pressure switch and thermostat(s) and controls the motor speed and direction of rotation

Selection switches Allow alternative modes of operation in addition to main programs

Soap Dispenser - allows inlet valves to flush soap/conditioner at the correct times

Inlet Hoses - carry water into machine

Water Inlet valve(s) - electically operated solenoid valves allow water inlet

Pressure Switch - connected to a pressure chamber on the bottom of the outer container via an air pipe this pneumatic device controls the fill level

Heater - a solid element mounted in the lower section of the outer container, heats the water

Thermostat - controls the temperature of the water

Motor - Supplies the motive power for the drum movement

Module - controls the speed of the motor according to timer switching

Belt - transfers the action of the motor to the drum via the drum pulley and shaft

Drum Pulley - connects to drum shaft outside the outer container

Drum Shaft - connects drum pulley to drum through bearings and seal

Drum Bearings and Seal - allow smooth quiet rotation of drum and power transmission to drum without leakage from outer container - electrically operated unit with rotary impellor to discharge the water outlet

hose  which carries the water from pump to drain

Filter (if fitted) allows user to remove lint and foreign objects that have escaped from the drum and lodged in the outer container.

See images of these parts

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